unisa ITA  unisa ENG

JM Chair - Description and Goals


The Lisbon Treaty attaches great relevance to the creation of an Area of freedom, security and justice (AFSJ) with respect for fundamental rights and the different legal systems and traditions of the Member States (see Article 3 TEU and Articles 67 to 89 TFEU), to ensure the free movement of persons and to offer them a high level of protection. Based on the guidelines defined by the Stockholme programme (a mid-term review of these guidelines will take place in 2017) the AFSJ covers policy areas that range from the management of the EU’s external borders to judicial cooperation in civil and criminal matters and police cooperation, as well as to asylum and immigration policies and to fight against crime (terrorism, organised crime, cybercrime, sexual exploitation of children, trafficking in human beings, illegal drugs, etc.). As underlined by Communication from the Commission “Towards an Area of Freedom, Security and Justice”, of 14 July 1998 “The three notions of freedom, security and justice are closely interlinked”. Freedom loses much of its meaning if it cannot be enjoyed in a secure environment and with the full backing of a system of justice in which all Union citizens and residents can have confidence. 


Corte EDU
Corte di giustizia

These three inseparable concepts have one common denominator – people 
– and one cannot be achieved in full without the other two. Maintaining the right balance between them must be the guiding thread for Union action”. In the light of this, considering the central importance of “persons” within AFSJ, it is necessary to guarantee the effective protection of fundamental human rights in accordance with the Charter of fundamental rights of European Union and the European Convention of Human Rights.

Thus, the main objective of JM Chair didactic activities is deepen knowledge and critical assessment of issues related to Judicial protection of fundamental rights in the European Area of Freedom, Security and Justice, examining the “multilevel” protection of fundamental rights, the “dialogue” between the European Court of Justice and the Court of Human Rights in particular in relation to judicial cooperation in civil and in criminal matters and immigration and asylum policies, and their impact on national Law and national judicial guarantees.

JM Chair